This article presents the basic knowledge of the diamond. Before buying the diamond jewelry, you should know these all basic knowledge to select the diamond that shining, beautiful, good quality and most suitable for your preference. The 4Cs of diamonds contains with Carat, Clarity, Cutting and Color with the buying tips is shown below
THE 4CS OF DIAMONDS
For the carat, it is about the size of the diamond. The 1carat of diamond equals to 0.20 gram. When the carat size of diamond increases, the diamond’s price increases at an increasing rate. Because fewer than one of million mined rough stones are large enough to produce a 1carat diamond.
The tip that the buyers can save the money and get the cheaper diamond price is you should look for diamonds that fall just under popular carat weights such as 1 ct., 2 ct., 3ct. etc. Because these diamonds are often sold at a slight discount compared to diamonds of full weight. For example, a 0.90 carat diamond will normally cost less on a carat-price than a full 1.00 carat diamond. Visually, they are difficult to identify.
All the diamonds are unique because diamonds formed deep within the earth, under extreme heat and pressure. So every single piece has the different birthmarks both of the internal (Inclusion) and external (Blemish). According to the GIA International Diamond Grading System, diamonds contain 11 clarity grades that range from flawless (FL) to diamonds with obvious inclusions (I3).
|Diamond Clarity Grade||Details|
|Flawless (FL)||No birthmark is visible even using 10× magnification|
|Internally Flawless (IF)||No internal birthmarks and only external birthmarks are visible even using 10× magnification|
|Very, Very Slightly Included (VVS1 and VVS2)||Inclusions are hard for an diamond specialist to see under 10× magnification|
|Very Slightly Included (VS1 and VS2)||Inclusions are minor and range from difficult to somewhat easy even using 10x magnification|
|Slightly Included (SI1 and SI2)||Inclusions are easy to find under 10x magnification|
|Included (I1, I2, and I3)||Inclusions are obvious under 10× magnification and may affect transparency and brilliance|
Look for the diamonds that are in the level of VS to IF because the diamonds that are in SI and I level, a lot of damage can be seen easily. For the FL level is extremely expensive and very rare in the market.
It is another important factor to consider for buying diamond. Cutting is the factor to make the diamond fire, sparkle and brilliance. According the GIA International Diamond Grading System, it contains 5 levels for the cut scale which are excellent, very good, good, fair and poor.
Look for the diamonds that are excellent and very good only because the major thing that makes diamond beautiful are fire, sparkle and brilliance.
In the industry standard, diamonds are valued by how closely they approach colorlessness – the less color, the higher their value. (The exception to this is fancy color diamonds.) Most diamonds found in jewelry stores run from colorless to near-colorless, with slight hints of yellow or brown. Starting from colorless to yellow or brown
|D Color||100% Diamond|
|E Color||99% Diamond|
|F Color||98% Diamond|
|G Color||97% Diamond|
|Z Color||78% Diamond
Look for the diamond which are colorless diamond. My Gems Jewelry always serves only the good quality of the diamond for our valued customers by selecting only the D – G color of Diamond from GIA certificate and HRD certificate.